MONDAY, Might 24, 2021 (HealthDay Information) — Research that may’t be verified and could also be unfaithful are a lot extra prone to be cited within the media as a result of they are typically extra fascinating, researchers report.
They checked out research in high psychology, financial and nature/science journals and located that solely 39% of 100 psychology papers had been efficiently replicated. The replication charges had been 61% for 18 financial research, and 62% amongst 21 nature/science research.
However papers whose findings could not be replicated in a while acquired a lot of consideration on the time they had been launched: They had been cited 153 occasions extra usually than these whose findings might be repeated.
The most important hole was in nature/science papers, the place those who couldn’t be replicated had been cited 300 occasions extra usually than replicable ones, based on the College of California, San Diego examine.
Unverifiable analysis tends to be cited as if the outcomes had been true lengthy after the publication failed to duplicate, the researchers famous.
“We additionally know that specialists can predict properly which papers can be replicated,” wrote authors Marta Serra-Garcia, assistant professor of economics and technique, and Uri Gneezy, a professor of behavioral economics. “Given this prediction, we ask, ‘Why are non-replicable papers accepted for publication within the first place?'”
A doable purpose is that journals use decrease requirements for replication if a examine is extra fascinating, the researchers prompt.
“Attention-grabbing or interesting findings are additionally lined extra by media or shared on platforms like Twitter, producing loads of consideration, however that doesn’t make them true,” Gneezy mentioned in a college information launch.
Publishing unverified research can have important and lasting impacts, based on the examine authors. They pointed to a false examine revealed in The Lancet in 1998 that implied a hyperlink between the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine and autism, which led tens of 1000’s of fogeys worldwide to show towards the vaccine.
The wrong findings had been retracted by The Lancet 12 years later, however many individuals nonetheless cite the examine to assert that autism is linked to vaccines.
“We hope our analysis encourages readers to be cautious in the event that they learn one thing that’s fascinating and interesting,” Serra-Garcia mentioned within the launch.
“Each time researchers cite work that’s extra fascinating or has been cited rather a lot, we hope they may test if replication information is on the market and what these findings counsel,” Gneezy mentioned.
The findings had been revealed Might 21 within the journal Science Advances.
The U.S. Nationwide Library of Medication affords recommendation on understanding medical research.
SOURCE: College of California, San Diego, information launch, Might 21, 2021